Preterm birth is one of a major medical, psychological and socio-economic
problem worldwide. Children preterm born are at risk of mortality, morbidity
and lifespan sequelae. The aim of the research was to assess psychomotor
development of preterm babies in the early childhood. The study included 49
preterm infants, 21 single babies and 28 twins. The psychomotor development was
assessed by using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition
(BSID-III) at a mean, non-corrected age of 33.80 months (SD = 5.16). The results
indicated that there are no statistical differences in a cognitive, language and motor
domain between single infants and twins. The single infants and twins differ significantly
in a gross motor domain, while preterm infants from single pregnancies
receive lower outcomes compared to preterm infants from multiple pregnancies.
This article presents analyses and discussion of results.
Key words: psychomotor development, preterm infants, early childhoog, BSID-III