The aim of the research paper was to identify the relationship between
a chronic cardiac disease and heart transplantation, and the level of patients’ selfcare.
The notion of self-care and its levels has been defined, and the circumstances
in which it becomes activate specified. Research findings showed that there is no
difference in the level of self-care between the group of patients with a chronic
heart condition and the group of patients with a heart transplant, and between cardiac
patients and healthy individuals. The difference showed in the higher global
level of self-care in patients after heart transplantation compared to healthy individuals.
The research revealed that a heart transplantation treatment has a direct
effect on the scope of self-care in patients. It can therefore be concluded that in
the context of changes following a cardiac transplantation, self-care is activated as
a buffering mechanism, facilitating a better adaptation of a patient. Yet, it cannot
be stated that self-care is a rational mechanism consciously used in order to cope
with the situation.
Key words: self-care, heart transplant, heart diseases
Tytuł: Transplantacja serca i przewlekła choroba kardiologiczna a poziom ujawnianej samotroski
Autorzy: Anna Ratajska, Władysław Sinkiewicz, Magdalena Zając