The aim of the presented study was to conduct a Polish adaptation of
the Decisional Balance Scale by W. Velicer et al. The attempt was also made to answer
a question about the differences in the area of decisional balance in addicts
who complete or break therapy, continue abstinence after treatment and those who
return to drinking. Research was conducted on 397 alcohol addicted persons who
begin a therapy. Patients who completed treatment were retested in the last week
of stay at the Centre. A group of people maintaining abstinence one year after the
start of therapy and those who returned to drinking were distinguished. The Decisional
Balance Scale by Velicer et al. and the Motivation Questionnaire to Maintain
Abstinence from Alcohol by Ziółkowski were used.
Results. The Polish version of the Scale was found to be reliable and valid method.
Principal component analysis identified 2 factors (like in original version).
Differences within a single dimension of decisional balance between people who
completed and those who broke therapy were noted. In the course of therapy an
increase in decisional balance scale, advantage of arguments against drinking was
Key words: alcohol addiction, Alcohol and Drugs Decisional Balance Scale, Polish
Tytuł: Skala Bilansu Decyzyjnego – polska adaptacja i zastosowanie w badaniach osób uzależnionych od alkoholu
Autorzy: Jan Chodkiewicz